GILD COVID-19 Drug Remdesivir Cleared by FDA

Photo by Miguel u00c1. Padriu00f1u00e1n on Pexels.com
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The FDA has cleared Gilead Covid-19 drug, Remdesivir, for treatment. This is a positive news for the airline industry. Since the shutdown, the airlines has taken a huge toll. Its employees have been furloughed and the its profits has been long gone. Each airlines is losing billions of dollars per month since the pandemic has started.

However, considering the easing of travel restrictions and allowing businesses to open back up, there is hope that the airlines will bounce back in 2021. It may not return to 2019 level for a couple more years but a recovery is a positive news. It certainly provides hope to the thousands of airlines employees who have been put to the side line since October 1st. While, Remdesivir is not a vaccine, it is a positive catalyst in fighting against coronavirus. President Trump was recently diagnosed with COVID-19 and was treated with Gilead’s drug.

If Remdesivir is highly effective for covid-19 patients who require hospitalization and then there is a vaccine, then it provides ways that we can fight the virus for both healthy people and people who are severely affected by Covid-19.

On another note, recently, the TSA Traveler count hit its all time high since the pandemic started, at 1 million passengers in one day. That is 39.5% of previous year’s number. Delta Air Lines, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines and American Airlines have all released their 3rd quarter earning’s number. While the toll from covid-19 continues, the airlines has seen lower cash burn rate and each expected to burn less cash going in to the final stretch of 2020. American Airlines will be sending their pilots to training on the Boeing 737-800-Max starting in December. While the aircraft is still awaiting for approval from the FAA, the European counterpart of the FAA has approved the Max for flying.

So let’s keep our hopes up that the airlines will recover quicker than expected.

1 million passengers traveled through TSA checkpoint

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On October 18, 2020, TSA checkpoint travel numbers for 2020 showed 1,031,505 passengers has traveled through their checkpoints in one day. That is 39.5% of previous year on the same weekday. That is a huge mile stone since the shutdown back in March-May. While thousands of airline employees including pilots and flight attendants have been furloughed, the recovery from the coronavirus is still ongoing.

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Over 32,000 airline employees have been furloughed since October 1st

United Express Jet is pushing off from the gate
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Yesterday, October 1st, was a dark day for the airline industry. The airlines have furloughed over 32,000 employees to minimize labor costs due to the pandemic. Among those furloughed, there were thousands of flight attendants and pilots. While these numbers were predominantly from United Airlines and American Airlines, no report has been given for the other carriers. Most of the carrier have sent out WARN notices to their employees. However, Southwest Airlines, Alaska Airlines, and Delta Air Lines have publicly stated that they will not be furloughing their pilots in October. Southwest and Alaska Airlines have deferred their pilot furloughs for several months. Delta Air Lines only delayed their pilot furloughs until November 1st. United Airlines has reached a deal with ALPA to mitigate their pilot furloughs. American Airlines became the first major airlines to furlough over 800 of their pilots and thousands of their flight attendants yesterday.

Most of the airlines have accepted the line of credit in a form of loans from the government. American Airlines has drawn over $500 million dollars from their $5 billion dollars line of credit from the fed. Southwest and Delta Air Lines have declined to accept the federal support.

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Today, October 2nd, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has vowed additional aid($25 billion dollars) to support the airlines payroll and keep employees from being furloughed. Little did she know that the airlines have already furloughed their employees. In the event that the new stimulus bill was to pass with airlines payroll support, the furloughed employees will have to go through the process of being recall, which will depends on the negotiation and contractual agreements between the airlines and their respective unions.

Yesterday, the House has passed the $2.2 trillion dollars bill which included $25 billion dollars to support airlines payroll. Most people do not believe that the bill will pass in the Senate because of a few Republican Senators who refused to pass the bill. Meanwhile tens of thousands of airlines employees are officially out of a job and will have to request unemployment and/or seek other work opportunities that they can find.

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Potential Pilot Furloughs Update

Percentage of Potential Pilot Furloughs
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Trans States Airlines became the first to shut its door in April due to the effect of the pandemic on US economy. HQ in Bridgeton, MO. It transported 3.5 million passengers annually. It had 47 E145s. Trans States had about 603 pilots.

Compass was the second US Airlines to shut its door. HQ in Minneapolis, MN. Founded in 2007. It had 581 pilots.

ExpressJet could be next to shut its door with the recent announcement by United Airlines to cancel their contracts by year end. It has 1,375 pilots.

Here are a list of current airlines that have sent WARN letters to their pilots to warn them of the potential furlough as of October 1st.

  1. United Airlines 3,900 Pilots (Total 13,300 Pilots)
  2. Delta Air Lines 2,500 Pilots (Total 14,600 Pilots)
  3. American Airlines 2,500 Pilots (Total 15,176 Pilots)
  4. Allegiant 275 Pilots (Total 1,021 Pilots)
  5. Repuplic Airways 933 Pilots with 400 Captain Downgrades. They’re closing their IAH and MCI crew domiciles (Total 2,461 Pilots)
  6. Hawaiian Airlines 15-25% of Pilots (Total 864 Pilots)
  7. Spirit 20-30% of Pilots (Total 2,598 Pilots)
  8. Frontier 500 Pilots (Total 1,493 Pilots)
  9. Piedmont Airlines 15% of Pilots with 40 Captain Downgrades (Total 746 Pilots)
  10. PSA 730 Pilots with the closure of TYS and ORF domiciles. (Total 2,041 Pilots)
  11. Envoy 350 Pilots (Total 2,500 Pilots)
  12. GoJet 35% to 50% of Pilots (Total 600 Pilots)

For the majors, Southwest and Alaska Airlines are the two that have announced that they will not be furloughing pilots this year.

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Delta Air Lines seeks to lower pilot’s hours to avoid furloughs

Delta is proposing a 15% reduction in pilot’s monthly hours to save some of their pilot jobs. The federal aid will expire in October 1st, in which case, the airlines can start furloughing their pilots. WARN notices, which is not a furlough notice, has been sent out by the big 3 airlines.

Photo by Nitin Dhumal on Pexels.com

According to an article written by CNBC Airline Reporter Leslie Josephs, Delta Air Lines is looking to reduce pilot’s minimum guaranteed hours to avoid furloughs.

So far more than 1,700 Delta Air Lines pilots have signed up for the early retirements. This is more than the 730 plus pilots from American Airlines who took the early retirements. However, no data has been provided on how many pilots Delta Air Lines has awarded the early retirements.

Will the amount of pilots taking the early retirement be enough to save jobs? You can read more about it by clicking here.

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American Airlines has issued 25,000 WARN notices to its employees

Photo by Quintin Gellar on Pexels.com

Today American Airlines has sent out WARN notices to its employees. Here are the breakdown by workgroup:

  1. Pilots: 2,500 or 18% of workgroup
  2. Flight Attendants: 9,950 or 37% of workgroup
  3. Maintenance & Related: 3,200 or 22% of workgroup
  4. Fleet Service: 4,500 or 26% of workgroup
  5. Passenger Service: 2,900 or 30% of workgroup
  6. Reservations: 1,000 or 23% of workgroup
  7. Dispatch: 175 or 36% of workgroup
  8. Flight Crew Training Instructors and Sim Pilot Instructors: 50 or 15% of workgroup
  9. Flight Simulator Engineers 10 or 7% of workgroup

A WARN notice is a Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification letter. It is a written notification required by federal law to let employees know of potential furloughs. A WARN notice is NOT the same as a furlough. American Airlines still have opportunity to work with their respective union partners to workout the deals. They are offering incentivized voluntary leave and early retirement programs.

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TSA 2020 Passenger Count Is Trending Up

Prior to the COVID-19 bringing the whole world to a halt, the airline business was good as usual. Obviously all that has changed. The bailout from the government has defered airlines from furloughing their employees until the end of September. However, furlough warning notices have been sent by some of the biggest airlines in the world. Delta Air Lines and United Airlines have both sent warning letter to their employees. Delta is looking to furlough over 2,500 pilots and United is looking to furlough over 2,200 pilots. Both companies have also sent out tens of thousands of furlough warning notices to their flight attendants and other ground workers. American Airlines is expected to do so next week. Rumors have their numbers to be around 1,600 pilots. Only time will tell.

Now furlough warning notices are not necessarily the final decision that the airlines make to furlough their employees. In fact, it merely serves as an administrative compliance. Federal law requires airlines to notify their employees 60 days in advance. Some airlines are contractually obligated to their pilots to notify them 90 days out. Whether or not the airlines will ultimately have to furlough their employees including pilots will depend on a lot of variables. When it comes to their pilots, the airlines will be willing to keep pilot overages a little bit longer than their other employees. Simply because for pilots, their skill is perishable. Each month that goes by, pilot skills degrade. Also, a lot of the legacy airlines such as the DAL, UAL and AAL, have a lot of different types of aircrafts. Even with the recent downsizing of their fleets, most still have multiple narrowbody aircrafts and multiple widebody aircrafts. With the fleet downsizing, pilots have been displaced as well in reverse senority order. Junior widebody First Officer may be displaced to either a Captain seat or a First Officer seat on a narrowbody. All the seat shuffling will require trainings that could cost the airlines millions of dollars. Therefore, the airlines will not furlough pilots simply because they are fat on pilots for 6months or even 1 year. Other variables such as future customer booking, market shares and union contracts are some examples of the big factors that airlines will have to consider prior to furloughing their pilots.

Below is the data from the TSA 2020 passenger count. A link at the bottom of this page can be used to obtain the data below.

Figure 1. TSA 2020 & 2019 Passengers Count

The graph shows that the “blue” passenger count is trending up. One month ago, the percentage of traveler compared with the previous year was at 13.9%. Another month prior, that number was 8.5%. Three months ago, the number was 4.1% during the peak of the shutdown. Yesterday, the percentage of traveler was sitting at 27.2% of the previous year.

While the trend is up, we are still short of the previous year by roughly 1.8 million passengers. As an airline employee, I cannot say that I am jubilant about where we are now. Certainly, not when millions of people are infected, hundreds of thousands have perished because of the coronavirus, and many more are fighting through it as you are reading this article.

Now something to keep in mind as you look at the TSA passenger count data is that it includes flight crew as well. The number of flight crew should not make any meaningful difference in the passenger count. After all, on aircraft of 160 passengers, you have 6 crews. So even adjusted for the flight crews who are traveling to work and for leisure, the number of passengers still outweigh the amount of flight crews going through their security line.

You can access the TSA Passenger Count here.

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American Airlines’ pilot union reviews Boeing 737-Max training draft

Faa and Boeing Engineers boarding a Boeing 737-Max

According to flightglobal.com, the Allied Pilot Association, representing 15,000 pilots at American Airlines, is reviewing the pilot training draft that it has received.

Boeing 737-Max has been grounded all over the world since March of 2019. While the training draft as been received by American Airlines, the FAA has the final authority to approve the pilot training draft for airlines.

For more on this topic, please check out below:

American pilots review Boeing’s latest Max training draft

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How to keep clean in the flight deck during a pandemic.

Stay aware, wipe down high touch areas, Wash your hands

This is how you can keep yourself clean while being in the flight deck. The following list can be very useful not just during a pandemic but rather any time you’re working up front. We all know how important our health is to our career. We may be able to pass our First Class Medical annually, for those of us who are under the age of 40, but having to call out due to a cold or a flu, can take away hours from our sick bank. Having a lot of sick time can be very good insurance for us in the event that we need for a more serious medical problem later in our career. So it all depends on how clean you prefer to be. During a pandemic particularly with COVID-19, which can spread through the air and typically from within a six feet of contact boundary of an “affected” person, mask is required. Please check your company policy, federal regulations, airport policy, and local ordinances on wearing mask or taking other measures during a pandemic. 

Now the following list is a personal list that can be shared with others. As more information is being provided by Center of Disease Control and prevention, local officials, airlines policy, fellow aviators etc, the list can be modified as necessary. But this list can be use as a guidance to keep clean in the flight deck.

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So here is the 2020 list on How To Keep Clean in the Flight Deck:

  1. Think about high touch areas before stepping onto the aircraft
  2. Be clean when you show up to the flight deck
  3. Keep your mask on until you are settled in
  4. Wipe the high frequency buttons and controls
  5. Wash your hands after you have clean the controls
  6. Keep aware of your changing environment

Now we’ll break the list down one by one and discuss it in further details. Another reminder, is that this list is meant to be used as a guidance.

1. Plan your arrival to the flight deck. Whether you are flying a small piston aircraft for leisure, flight training, flight instruction and other reasons, or, you are a commercial airline pilot flying a pressurized aluminum tube, this list can be use on a lot of different aircrafts. As a pilot, from the first day of you showing up to your flight training, preparation is key. The fact that you are reading this list, tells me that you doing just that. Now other than an introductory flight, we don’t typically just hop in an airplane and start learning. Typically some forms of ground school and a lot of preparation is involved prior to hopping in an airplane. So the same mentality of preparation can be used here. You want to think about how you’re going to arrive onto an aircraft and the things that you will be touching and come into contact with. Whether you are flying a Cessna 172 or a Bombardier 200 or a big airliner, typically when you arrive you may need to open the aircraft door, or the flight deck door. Now of course, you typically only required to open the aircraft door on smaller aircrafts as major airliner, will require a gate agent to do that for you. However, the flight deck door may require you to open it whether it’d be with a door knob or entering some type of code to get in. The next place could be the seat adjuster. Depends on how the seat was left, you may need to adjust the seat, to position your bag or to get into your seat. You may need to hang your blazer if you have a mini closet in the flight deck. Then it depends on how the aircraft was left for you, whether it has no power, ground power, ground air, or running with the APU, those are the things that you will need to consider and plan for. The list here can go on and on. With practice, you will soon come up with your own routine or flow or maybe the company has flows as part of certain checklists. Now don’t get overwhelm just thinking about this, just remember, manage what you can control.

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2. The best way to control something is of course planning. But we also need to realize that we can only control what you can control. And how you can start your day by being clean coming from your house or the hotel, is how you can start control some of those factors. So to keep things clean in any setting is obviously to make sure that you are cleaned prior to arriving at such place. You can start the sanitizing or disinfecting process at home or at your overnight hotel. You can make sure your bags are cleaned before and after every trip. Make sure to wash your hands just prior to arriving at the gate. If I know my hands are clean, then I know that I have cut off the link of chains of events that could lead me to contracting some type of virus. As a professional pilot, we are all very familiar with the Swiss cheese model. We have to break the link of chains of events to maintain a high safety standard. My flight bag and my roller board are the two items that are obviously touch frequently. I also wipe down a lot of my stuff ie lanyard with company ID, my credit and debit cards, my pens, my Bose ProFlight headset, cable and cover, my security vest for the walk-around, company iPad, checklist and other items as necessary. So I show up to the aircraft, knowing that myself and my stuff are cleaned and sanitized. I have controlled the things that I can control.

3. Keep your mask on until you feel that the setting that you’re in is “clean” enough to take it off. Boeing and Airbus aircrafts typically comes with hospitcal grade HEPA filters. So chances are the air that comes out inside the aircraft is much cleaner than the air inside your own home. However, as an airline pilot, I usually keep my mask on until I have settled into my seat and have built some rapport with the crew and Captain. This way I can observe everyone and determine for myself if the environment is “ok” to remove my mask. Although, I typically keep my mask on until I have settled into my seat. Now of course you don’t have to take your mask off, you can wear it in the flight deck depends on personal preference, your colleage’s preference and company policy. However, usually, I take the mask off so that I can communicate better while in the flight deck. If your Captain or First Officer chooses to wear mask, it’s up to you whether you want to do the same. Ultimately, effective communication is key especially during a pandemic. If you are in an epicenter of infection, it is probably ideal to wear your mask at all times.

4. All the high touch areas should be wiped. From buttons to flight controls to seat belts, wipe those things down with company approved wipes or spray. Typically, the Sanicom wipes are pretty popular and are approved for use in the flight deck. Please check your company policy on the type of wipes to be used in the flight deck. You want to wipe everything that you need to touch. I wipe down the overhead panel, Mode Control Panel, center pedestal panel, the flight control, the thrust levers, reverser levers, flight spoilers, flap handles, gear handles, interior light knobs, seat adjuster handles and knobs, rudder pedal adjuster, and more. Obviously, only wipe the areas that you would be need to touch and are necessary specifically for your operation.

5. Prior to closing the flight deck door, wash your hands. If you’re like me, the nerve of being locked up inside a cockpit without the freedom to just walk out and go to the restroom, can add a small external pressure. I try to make sure that I take the time to go to the lavatory prior to departure. I’ve been doing this in my entire career in the airline which is almost a decade now. But it goes back to the logic of control what you can control. Particularly during the pandemic, knowing that my hands are clean, actually feels fantastic prior to the flight. I know my hands are clean, the area that I am occupying in the flight deck is clean, and therefore, I am ready to fly one nautical mile at a time and roughly around 0.75 to 0.78 Mach cruise speed depends on various factors.

6. As a pilot, one of the items in the decision model that we’re trained for is the evaluation process. If we notice a change, we follow up on the change to query and find out what cause the change, choose the solution to fix the problem, execute our decision and evaluate the situation. So this applies to us in regards to fighting the virus. We continuously evaluate and reevaluate the situation. There are times that I do not wear masks while I am occupying my seat in the flight deck. But in flight, while one of us is up taking a break in the back, I will put my mask on as a courtesy to my fellow crewmember who has to be upfront with me. Sometime, we have little ones saying hello to us up front. I always put my mask on for them to come and say hello to us. And of course, I carry a small hand sanitizer bottle with me.

While this is not an exhaustive list of items to follow, many more things can be added to the list. It all depends on the situation that you’re in, the individual preferences and the required protocol by the company, federal regulations and local policy. As always, please remember, control what you can control. Don’t get too overwhelm over things that are beyond your control. Plan, execute and evaluate your process, then adapt as necessary!

I hope you enjoy the short read. As always, constructive criticism and positive reviews will help other readers find this page. Follow me for more articles. Thank you!

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Airline passengers coming up with ‘creative ways’ to keep masks off of face

In a recent article by USA Today, an interview with American Airline pilot Dennis Tajer, revealed that some passengers have been removing their masks beyond the common reason such as eating or drinking.

Dennis said in an interview on Thursday on CNBC, “We’re starting to see people take creative ways on the aircraft of temporary relief from wearing the masks”.

While he believes that most passengers have been complying with his company policy, there are a few who doesn’t. He believes that the few passengers who removed their masks were not doing so as malicious act, but rather as part of, “natural human reaction.”

You can read more directly from the USA Today article:

Airline passengers are finding ‘creative ways’ to remove masks, American pilot says

ANDREW CABALLERO-REYNOLDS, AFP Via Getty Images